In this article, we will discuss a simple trick known as TEARS OF OLD PM trick to remember schedules of the Indian constitution.
As you all know that there are 12 schedules in the Indian constitution. We can remember these schedules by using the TEARS OF OLD PM trick.
Breakdown of TEARS OF OLD PM trick
Each letter of this sentence indicates a particular schedule of the Indian constitution.
For example –
1st letter of the sentence TEARS OF OLD PM is T. T means Territory. That means the First Schedule of the Indian Constitution contains the name of States and Union Territories. Territorial Jurisdiction of states is also included in this schedule.
2nd letter of the sentence TEARS OF OLD PM is E. E means Emolument. That means the 2nd schedule of the Indian constitution contains provisions in relation to allowances, privileges, and emoluments of-
- President of India
- Governors of Indian States.
- Speaker of Lok Sabha & Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
- Chairman of Rajya Sabha & Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
- Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Legislative Assemblies of Indian States
- Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Legislative Councils of the Indian States
- Supreme Court Judges
- High Court Judges
- Comptroller & Auditor General of India (CAG)
3rd Letter of the sentence TEARS OF OLD PM is A. A means Affirmation. That means the third schedule of the Indian constitution contains the forms of oath and affirmation for –
- Union Ministers of India
- Parliament Election Candidates
- Members of Parliament (MPs)
- Supreme Court Judges
- Comptroller and Auditor General
- State Ministers
- State Legislature Elections’ Candidates
- State Legislature Members
- High Court Judges.
4th letter is R. R means Rajya Sabha. That means the fourth Schedule of Indian constitution contains the provisions in relation to the allocation of seats for States and Union Territories in the Rajya Sabha.
5th letter is S. S means Schedule area. That means the fifth schedule of the Indian constitution contains provisions in relation to the administration and control of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes.
6th letter is O. O means Other schedule areas. That means the sixth schedule of the Indian constitution contains provisions in relation to the administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.
7th letter is F. F means Function between union and states. That means the 7th schedule of the Indian constitution deals with the federal structure. This schedule contains the three legislative lists:
- Union list
- State list and
- Concurrent list.
8th letter is O. O means Official Language. That means the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution deals with the 22 official languages recognized by the Indian Constitution.
- Dogri (Dongri)
- Mathili (Maithili)
The 9th letter is L. L means Land reform. That means the ninth schedule of the Indian constitution
contains provisions relating to land reforms and the abolition of the zamindari system.
1st Amendment Act 1951 added the Ninth Schedule to protect the laws included in it from judicial scrutiny on the ground of violation of fundamental rights.
However, in 2007, the Supreme Court ruled that the laws included in this schedule after
April 24, 1973, are now open to judicial review.
The 10th letter is D. D means Defection. That means the tenth schedule of the Indian constitution contains provisions relating to the disqualification of the members of Parliament and State Legislatures on the ground of defection.
This schedule was added by the 52nd Amendment Act of 1985, also known as Anti-defection Law.
The 11th letter is P. P means Panchayat. That means the eleventh schedule of the Indian constitution contains the provisions that specify the powers, authority, and responsibilities of Panchayat. It has 29 matters.
This schedule was added by the 73rd Amendment Act of 1992
The 12th letter is M. M means Municipality. That means the twelfth schedule of the Indian constitution deals with the provisions that specify the powers, authority, and responsibilities of Municipalities. It has 18 matters. This schedule was added by the 74th Amendment Act of 1992.
So, this is the Tears of Old PM Trick. I hope you understand. Tears of Old PM Trick will definitely help you in remembering the schedule of the Indian constitution. Thank you for reading this. Have a great day.