Functions And Ideologies Political Parties In The Third World Countries

Functions And Ideologies Political Parties In 3rd World Countries

Political parties are the most significant institution for political assembly in mass politics. Political parties consistently attempt to hold control over the State. 

As an institution Political party has an immediate connection with state organization and administration. It may be viewed as the instrument of government.

The need for Political parties in third-world nations

The necessities of Political parties emerge out of the way that individual needs and collective goods are two distinct things. Political parties claim that they represent collective goods.

Political parties in the third world:

It is extremely hard to characterize a Political party in the third world in light of the fact that Political parties in the third world show a wide variety. Anyway, it is simpler to characterize third world Political parties according to their functions and ideologies.


Functions of Political Parties In Third World Countries

  • Political parties give authenticity to the political framework through belief systems, leaders and open doors for political participation and interest.
  • Political parties give opportunities for social activation or mobilization.
  • Political parties are a great agent of political socialization.
  • Political parties give solidness to the political framework.
  • Political parties provide opportunities for the formation of coalition of powerful political interests to sustain a govt.
  • Political parties act as a medium of political recruitment. In developing countries, Political parties provide the most important civilian route into a political career

The role of Ideology in shaping third world Political Parties:

Ideology is the orientation of looking at certain events. The ideology of Political parties provides a framework of common values. In the event of the third world, there is a differentiation between ideological development and political association dependent on them.

Ideologies that act as the basis for 3rd world Political parties have been derived more from religion than from western philosophies. Religion influences and shape Political parties in 3rd world countries. Islamic political ideology has been becoming more significant in many regions of the 3rd world.

In the third world, Political parties give the platform to protect and represent the culture of various ethnic groups. For instance, the Dalit party in India was formed to represent the so-called ‘untouchable’. This party aims to advance social equity for India's most persecuted and denied individuals.

A political party in the 3rd world is frequently populist. It seeks to mobilize people regardless of class. It denies the significance of class-based ideologies. It tries to mobilize all interest under the single conception of national interest. Thus populism stresses homogeneity rather than diversity.


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Assessment Of 3rd World Political Parties:

There are mainly two preoccupations in the assessment of 3rd world political parties. The 1st one concerns the emergence of the single-party system, whereas the 2nd one concerns the survival of political parties as an institution.

1.  The emergence of the single-party system:

The rise of the single-party system is connected with the nationalist movement that is fought for freedom from colonial rule. After independence, the party that was associated with the national movement turn out as the single dominant party. 

In India, the Indian National Congress is the best example in this regard. The rise of the single-party system has been a takeoff from the western-style multi-party framework. 

David Apter argues the single-party system was crucial for the creation of national identity and quick financial advancement in third world nations.


2.  Survival of parties as an institution:

There is no clear explanation of the survival of parties as an institution. Party as an institution may exhibit different features, according to its size, organizational structure, nature of membership, method, and pattern of authority, etc. 

While discussing party as an institution, the issue of decentralization becomes very significant, because parties that empower upward communication from the masses are more likely to survive long.

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